Resources & References

You can learn more about this topic at the websites and publications listed below.


CODIS Program and the National DNA Index System FAQs

The DNA Initiative

Making Sense of Forensic Genetics: What can DNA tell you about a crime? (Sense about Science, 2017)

National Conference of State Legislatures’ Forensic Science Database

Principles of Forensic DNA for Officers of the Court (Online training resource funded by NIJ)

Collecting DNA Evidence at Property Crime Scenes (Online training resource funded by NIJ)

Forensic DNA Education for Law Enforcement Decision Makers


Butler, John M. “Forensic DNA Typing - Biology, Technology, and Genetics of STR Markers”, Second Edition, Elsevier Academic Press, Burlington, MA (2005).

Federal Bureau of Investigations, Laboratory Services, CODIS—NDIS Statistics. (accessed June 21, 2012).

Ritter, Nancy. “DNA Solves Property Crimes (But Are We Ready for That?)”, NIJ Journal [online] 2008, 261. (accessed June 21, 2012).

Shelton, Honorable Donald E., “The ‘CSI Effect’: Does It Really Exist?,” NIJ Journal [online] 2008, 259. (accessed June 21, 2012).


The authors wish to thank the following for their invaluable contributions to this forensic guide:

Debra Figarelli, DNA Technical Services Manager, National Forensic Science Technology Center, Inc.

Robert O’Brien, Senior Forensic Specialist - DNA, National Forensic Science Technology Center, Inc.

Carrie Sutherland, NamUs Regional System Administrator, University of North Texas Health Science Center

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