Resources & References
You can learn more about this topic at the websites and publications listed below.
Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners (AFTE)
National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN)
Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks (SWGGUN)
“2011 Crime in the United States: Violent Crime,” FBI website, (accessed February 18, 2013).
“Firearms/Tool Mark Examination: The Discipline of Firearm and Tool Mark Examination,” IAI website, accessed (Feb. 3, 2012).
Heard, Brian J. Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics, Second Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, West Sussex, UK (2008).
Laboratory Physical Evidence Bulletin #11: “Firearms Evidence (online),” Quality Documents Program, (accessed July 20, 2012).
Laboratory Physical Evidence Bulletin #18: “IBIS Evidence (Integrated Ballistics Identification System) (online),” Quality Documents Program, (accessed July 20, 2012).
Lyle, D.P., M.D. “Chapter 7: Bodily Harm: Identifying Wounds,” Forensics: A Guide for Writers (Howdunit), Writer’s Digest Books, Cincinnati, OH (2008), pp. 118-125.
Lyle, D.P., M.D. “Chapter 16: Firearms Examination: More Than Guns and Ammunition,” Forensics: A Guide for Writers (Howdunit), Writer’s Digest Books, Cincinnati, OH (2008), pp. 342-356.
The authors wish to thank the following for their invaluable contributions to this forensic guide:
William E. Conrad, Owner, Conrad Enterprises